One of the frequently asked questions, when we talk about the essential diet, is what an essential diet entails. Well, an essential diet refers to food that the body cannot get the right amount from the internal sources. The essential nutrients are, therefore, supplied or supplemented through diet.
The vital nutrients are critical if our bodies are to function in the right manner. Some of the essential nutrients that our body needs include water, minerals, vitamins, proteins, fats, and carbohydrates. This read shall explore some of the various functions of the essential nutrients.
Carbohydrates are essential nutrients since they provide us with the energy that we require to accomplish numerous assignments. We get carbohydrates by consuming foods such as sugarcane, maize meal, bread, and starchy vegetables.
The whole grains not only provide us with carbohydrates but fiber as well which reduces the risk of the heart disease. The fiber that we get from such foods also assists in maintaining the normal sugar levels in our bodies.
Protein is another critical nutrient that is responsible for the formation of the cells and the repair of the damaged boy tissues. When we take foods that are rich in proteins, they are typically broken down into amino acids. The amino acids are the building blocks of the proteins.
We have to types of amino acids the essential amino acids and the non-essential amino acids. The essential amino acids cannot be synthesized in the body and are thus supposed to be provided through diet. Some of the foods that are rich in amino acids include dairy products, beef, and fish.
The vitamins are the other vital nutrients that our bodies need. We have different types of vitamins and thus sources. Vitamin A, for example, makes our body maintain healthy bones, teeth, skin, and mucous membrane.
The vitamin B6, on the other hand, helps in the formation of the red blood cells and maintains the functioning of the brain. Vitamin C aids in the synthesis of collagen which provides the necessary structure to the ligaments, bones, and blood vessels. Vitamin D helps in the absorption of calcium which is critical for the growth of healthy bones and teeth.
Water is another critical nutrient that our bodies need; it is said that 70 percent of our body is made up of water. We need water as it assists in maintaining homeostasis in the body.
This is critical as water is required to transport nutrients from different parts of the body. We can get this valuable nutrient by eating fruits and other fluids.